Talking about China, Trump said: “They took the United States in an unprecedented way.” He condemned Beijing as his central role while condemning Beijing’s “surprise our factories” and “destroying” American industry. . In the remaining months of his re-election campaign, he was opposed.
Trump called on China to “spies steal our industrial secrets, many of them”, announced steps to protect American investors from Chinese financial practices, accused Beijing of “illegal seizure of Pacific territory” and threatened freedom of navigation.
The president said that the United States will also take action in many other areas, including prohibiting “some foreigners from China” from entering the United States and sanctioning officials in mainland China and Hong Kong because they “suffocate” Hong Kong’s freedom directly or indirectly . .
“New China-US relations have fallen into a comprehensive crisis,” said Richard Fontaine, chief executive of the New American Security Center. “We have fallen to the ground and kept falling to the bottom. Beijing will retaliate against Hong Kong in response to the Hong Kong measures taken by the government, and then pass the ball back to the president’s court. The situation will get worse-maybe worse- Before they get better. “”
Trump’s announcement is a multi-part go hand in hand, the confrontation has been escalating on trade, telecommunications, media, student visas, South China Sea, coronavirus and recent Hong Kong autonomy issues.
The Cantonese-speaking region was handed over from the United Kingdom to China in 1997 under an agreement to safeguard Hong Kong ’s autonomy in domestic affairs, including justice, and to ensure that its citizens can vote for leaders.
Trump said on Friday: “This week China unilaterally exercised control over Hong Kong security, calling it” a total violation of the treaty obligations between Beijing and the United Kingdom. “
As a result, Trump said that Hong Kong “no longer has sufficient autonomy to guarantee special treatment to our territories”, and his government will “beginning to eliminate the policy exemptions granted to Hong Kong for different treatments and special treatments.”
Trump said that this direction will affect the “all-round” agreement reached between the United States and Hong Kong, including its extradition treaty, export control of dual-use technology and so on. The President said that the United States will also revoke Hong Kong’s preferential customs and travel status.
Chad Bown, a senior researcher at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, said that withdrawing Hong Kong ’s special status and extending Trump ’s tariffs to the enclave “almost have no immediate impact” because in 2019, US imports of less than 5 billion US dollars from Hong Kong, Trump may impose a blow on the new tariffs.
China may fight back
In contrast, the United States imported $ 452 billion worth of goods from China in 2019. However, Bowen pointed out that Beijing may fight back by attacking American companies.
Bowen said: “Ironically, if China upgrades Hong Kong’s trade policy and takes over forcibly, it will have a greater impact on trade.” “If Beijing can somehow extend retaliatory tariffs, this will Have a greater impact, because the US exports more than US $ 30 billion annually to Hong Kong. “
Trump also said that the State Council will revise Hong Kong’s travel consultation to “reflect the danger of increased surveillance and punishment by China’s national security agencies.”
Some former officials said that Trump’s response may eventually hurt Hong Kong residents.
Danny Russel, the former senior director of Asian affairs at the National Security Council, said: “The Trump announcement’s regulations related to Hong Kong are quite vague, and it remains to be seen how to implement it quickly and widely.” At the Asian Institute of Social Policy. He said: “However, it is completely unknown whether lifting the special status of Hong Kong will make the people we want to help better. In fact, this may inadvertently exacerbate their loss of autonomy.”
“Bold” and appropriate
Others appreciate it.
Former US State Department and National Security Council official Fang Dan said: “The President ’s response to Hong Kong is bold and I think it is appropriate.” “Beijing ’s action to terminate Hong Kong ’s independent political system should trigger a response from the United States, including the termination of Hong Kong ’s Special economic status. The US government has always scorned the issues of democracy and human rights abroad, and I am very happy that it has come forward. ”
It is widely expected that Trump will announce a plan to restrict Chinese students. Every year, about 350,000 Chinese students come to the United States to study, and senior cabinet officials say that restricting entry to China is just one of several measures the president will take.
In an interview with Fox News on Thursday, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said that Trump will make “a series of announcements” to China in the “next days” and recommends to Chinese graduate students and Researcher visa restrictions may be one of them.
Shortly after Trump made the above remarks, the White House issued a presidential announcement suspending US entry of graduate students and graduate students and researchers from China. The notice took effect at noon on Monday and remained in effect until the president terminated it.
The announcement said: “The authorities of the People’s Republic of China” use some Chinese students, mainly graduate students and postdoctoral researchers, as non-traditional intellectual property collectors. “These students” are very likely to be exploited or chosen by the Chinese authorities and cause special attention. ”
The statement announced that allowing those students to enter the United States “to study or conduct research in the United States will be harmful to the interests of the United States.”
Trump’s announcement on Friday is just the latest restrictions his government has imposed on Chinese students and other Chinese entities.
In 2018, the State Council issued new visa time limits for Chinese graduate students in the fields of aviation, robotics, and advanced manufacturing. These visas are considered to be sensitive to national security, reducing the length of student stay from a maximum of five years to one.
CNN’s Jason Hoffman, Jennifer Hansler and Kylie Atwood contributed to this report.