Tiananmen Massacre: Hong Kong may be the last anniversary

Tiananmen Massacre: Hong Kong may be the last anniversary

Senior activist and former Hong Kong legislator Li Zhuoren said: “That was a period of hope.” At that time, the city was still eight years away from the transfer of British control to Chinese control, and there was a feeling that it crossed the border Of young demonstrators may be making China better.

“For many Hong Kong people, we think 1997 is indeed our head. But young people in China demand democracy. We believe that if democracy is achieved, it means that Hong Kong will not have to live under an authoritarian regime.”

However, as the People’s Liberation Army cracked down on the protests on June 4, this hope became desperate. The official death toll has never been announced, but human rights organizations estimate that hundreds or even thousands of people have died. The protests and crackdowns at Tiananmen Square have been erased from Chinese history books, subject to censorship and control, organizers were exiled or arrested, and relatives of the deceased were closely monitored.

on Monday, Police refused this year’s assembly permitAnd pointed out that the gathering of people related to the coronavirus pandemic is continuously restricted. For many people in the democratic opposition, the reason is empty: the organizers have said that they will work with the authorities to ensure that a safe, far away society rally is held. At the same time, the city’s shopping district The subway and park have been open for several weeks, with few problems.

After announcing the ban, Li told reporters that the police “maintained vigilance against us on the grounds that the ban on assembly was enforced.”

As many people worried this week, the police’s decision is even heavier May be the last chance Anniversary of freedom. Last month, China announced that it would implement a national security law against Hong Kong in response to the widespread and often violent anti-government unrest last year.

The law criminalizes splitting the country, inciting rebellion and subversion. It also allows Chinese security services to conduct business in Hong Kong for the first time-causing many people in the city to worry that if protests occur again, members of the PLA may be deployed to the streets.

The “China Patriotic Democratic Movement Hong Kong League” co-founded by Li and others has organized a Tiananmen vigil every year since 1990, Warning that it may be banned According to the new law, it pointed out its previous support for militants convicted under a similar national security law in China, and has long opposed “one-party dictatorship.”
There are good reasons to believe that such vigil may be banned in the future. Last month, CY YANG, a former CEO of the city and a senior member of the Chinese government’s advisory body, As many predictions, While commemorating activities in neighboring Macao (the National Security Law has been formulated in the country) Blocked by the authorities.

Historic moment

The Tiananmen incident had an indelible impact on Hong Kong’s politics. Before the massacre, the rally held solidarity with pro-democracy demonstrators, and many radicals in the city went to the north to provide assistance and support.

After the crackdown,”Operation Yellow Bird“According to the Hong Kong Alliance, it helped Beijing protest organizers and other persons who might be arrested to be smuggled into the city that was still British territory. About 500 people were taken from China, including student protest leaders UrkaiAt the peak of the demonstrations, he famously debated Chinese Premier Li Peng.
In the years after the crackdown, the British faced pressure to take more measures to protect Hong Kong under the imminent rule of China. In 1994, Governor Chris Patten City Council elections Full democratization for the first time-This move was indignant in Beijing without London approval.
The legislative committee elected the following year was the first and only parliamentary support for democracy. It was disbanded Superseded Once China’s control of the city comes into effect, the agency appointed by Beijing will be responsible.

In the eight years after the Tiananmen Square incident, tens of thousands of Hong Kong people emigrated overseas, although many returned shortly after the handover because feared repression did not begin and the city enjoyed economic prosperity under the new ruler. Most of these returnees have foreign passports in their back pockets, but if things change adversely, they are ready to flee again.

Thanks to the new national security law, a new round of outflows may be coming. After China announced, the UK moved to Expand some rights Applicable to people holding British national (overseas) passports, of which there are about 300,000 passports in Hong Kong, and as many as 3 million citizens born in the city before 1997 can apply. London said that if this law is enforced, British Nationals (BNO) holders will be granted a 12-month stay in the UK, while the previous 6 months have increased, which gives them the possibility of acquiring British citizenship Provided the possibility.

What happens next?

During the two decades of Chinese rule, the Tiananmen Memorial Hall has always distinguished Hong Kong. This is the touchstone of whether Hong Kong’s freedom and autonomy are still protected.

It is also an incubator for various political talents, and is usually one of the first demonstrations that many Hong Kong people participated in. Many activists, including former umbrella movement leaders Nathan Law and Joshua Wong, talked about the impact of the June 4 memorial in their political awakening.

Last year, the city’s leader, Lin Zhengyue (Carrie Lam) tip An annual meeting to prove that “Hong Kong is a very free society”.

She said: “If there are public gatherings to express their views and feelings about specific historical events, we will fully respect these views.”

When asked if the party would be banned under the new national security law, Lin said: “We have no draft laws yet. We can deal with them later.”

Hong Kong officials insist People’s concerns about legislation are exaggerated, and new crimes of inciting rebellion, subversion and secession will only apply to a very small number of people, even if they admit that Beijing’s plan is mostly in darkness.

Last week, the Hong Kong Coalition warned in a statement about the law that it “like a knife in the neck of everyone in Hong Kong”.

The organization said: “Even if only a few are cut, it threatens the freedom of all 7 million people.” “This is the rule of law in Hong Kong due to fear.”

For now, although coronavirus restrictions have thwarted plans for large-scale gatherings, they are still resisting this fear. Smaller parties will be held throughout the city, the league Appeal to all residents Lighting the candles at 8 pm and holding the candles outside the window to recreate the bright ocean has become a common image of the annual vigil at Victoria Park.
Chinese scholar Jerome Cohen wrote: “Can Hong Kong people stay vigil next year? A year is politically eternal and predictions are dangerous.” this week. “However, unless there is an unexpected change in the leadership of Beijing, it is certainly possible, especially considering the upcoming (National Security Law), Hong Kong may follow Macau and succumb to the long-forgotten amnesia forced to be imposed on the mainland .”

CNN’s Chermaine Lee provided the report.

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