These transactions were announced after the virtual summit between Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Modi said: “India is fully and rapidly committed to strengthening relations with Australia. This is important not only for our two countries, but also for the Indian Pacific and the entire world.”
Morrison added: “We are committed to building an open, inclusive and prosperous Pacific Ocean, and India’s role in the region will be crucial in the coming years.”
The new agreement is known as the “Australia-India Mutual Logistics Support Arrangement” and the “Defense Science and Technology Implementation Arrangement”, while military tensions in the Indo-Pacific region (including the South China Sea where China has been strengthening its position) have intensified. On the disputed island.
A joint statement after the summit stated that the two countries “have a common vision for the free, open, inclusive and rule-based Indo-Pacific region to support freedom of navigation, overflight, peaceful and cooperative use of the ocean”.
These agreements make the two countries commit to deeper military integration through more complex exercises and enable them to visit each other’s logistics bases.
South China Sea
Although the borders of other claimants are closer to the disputed waters, China claims to own almost all of the 1.3 million square miles of land in the South China Sea. In 2016, a court in The Hague ruled that China had no legal basis to claim historical rights over most of the South China Sea.
The Lawy Institute said Australia and the United States have a long-term security relationship and have long existed in the South China Sea. They have conducted air surveillance patrols since 1980.
Last year, Indian warships joined the naval ships of the United States, Japan and the Philippines in transit in the South China Sea.
At the same time, India has been strengthening its defense cooperation with the United States, including the annual Malabar naval exercise, which brings together the US and Indian troops with the Japanese Self-Defense Forces.
Barry O’Farrell, the Australian High Commissioner in India, said in an interview last month that Canberra would be keen to participate in the Malabar exercise, but the invitation was not extended.
Thursday’s signing was when tensions on the Sino-Indian border in the Himalayas continued to intensify.
Last month, an aggressive cross-border conflict between the Chinese and Indian troops caused minor injuries to the troops. Prior to this incident in recent weeks, unconfirmed reports of tension in the mountains, although neither side publicly acknowledged any anomalies.
CNN’s Angus Watson, Rishabh Madhavendra and Ben Westcott contributed to this report.